Parts of Speech Definitions with Examples Class 10
Sentence: A group of words, which makes complete sense is called a Sentence.
Sentences are of four kinds:
- Those Which ask questions called Interrogative sentence.
- Those Which make statements called Declarative sentence.
- Those Which express commands, requests called Imperative sentence.
- Those Which express strong feelings called Exclamatory sentence.
What is the Subject?
The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about is called the Subject of the sentence.
What is Predicate?
The part which tells something about the Subject is called Predicate.
English Speech for Class 10
Parts of Speech :
Noun: A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing.
Examples of nouns used in sentences:
- The cat is sleeping on the mat.
- I bought a new car yesterday.
- She wore a beautiful dress to the party.
- The book on the shelf is my favorite.
- The children played in the park all day.
In these sentences, the nouns are: cat, mat, car, dress, book, shelf, party, children, and park.
Pronoun: A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.
Examples of pronouns used in sentences:
- She is going to the store.
- I saw him at the park yesterday.
- They won the game by a narrow margin.
- We should go to the movies tonight.
- He gave me a present for my birthday.
In these sentences, the pronouns are: she, I, him, they, we, and he.
Adjective: A adjective is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun.
Examples of adjectives used in sentences:
- The red apple is delicious.
- She has a big house in the countryside.
- I saw a beautiful sunset at the beach.
- He is a tall and handsome man.
- The movie was exciting and suspenseful.
In these sentences, the adjectives are: red, delicious, big, beautiful, tall, handsome, exciting, and suspenseful.
Verb: A verb is a word used to express an action or state.
Examples of verbs used in sentences:
- I eat breakfast every morning.
- She dances gracefully on the stage.
- They play soccer in the park.
- He reads books in his free time.
- We went for a walk in the park yesterday.
In these sentences, the verbs are: eat, dance, play, read, and went.
Adverb: An adverb is a word used to add something to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Examples of adverbs used in sentences:
- She sings beautifully.
- He ran quickly to catch the bus.
- They spoke softly in the library.
- The car drove slowly down the road.
- We arrived early for the meeting.
In these sentences, the adverbs are: beautifully, quickly, softly, slowly, and early.
Preposition: A preposition is a word used with a noun or a pronoun to show how the person or thing denoted by the noun or pronoun stands in relation to something else.
Examples of prepositions used in sentences:
- The book is on the table.
- She walked through the park.
- The cat jumped off the fence.
- They went to the beach for vacation.
- He hid the key under the mat.
In these sentences, the prepositions are: on, through, off, to, and under.
Conjunction: A Conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences.
Examples of conjunctions used in sentences:
- I will have pasta for dinner, but my brother prefers pizza.
- She studied hard for the exam, so she passed with flying colors.
- He is not only a great musician, but also a talented painter.
- I like both apples and oranges.
- I wanted to go to the party, yet I had to stay home and finish my work.
In these sentences, the conjunctions are: but, so, not only…but also, and, yet.
Interjection: An interjection is a word that expresses some sudden feeling.
Examples of interjections used in sentences:
- Wow! That was an amazing performance.
- Oh no! I forgot to bring my wallet.
- Ouch! That hurt.
- Yay! We won the game.
- Well, I guess it’s time to go.
In these sentences, the interjections are: Wow, Oh no, Ouch, Yay, and Well.
Kind of Nouns :
1. Countable nouns: Countable nouns are the names of objects, people, etc. that we can count.
e.g.: book, pen.
2. Uncountable nouns: Uncountable nouns are the names of things that we cannot count.
e.g.: milk, oil.
3. Collective noun: A collective noun is the name of a number of persons of things taken together and spoken of as one whole.
4. Abstract Noun: An abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action, or state considered apart from the object to which it belongs.
5. Common noun: A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class of kind.
6. Proper noun: A proper noun is the same particular person or place.
The Noun: Gender
1. Masculine Gender: A noun that denotes a male.
2. Feminine Gender: A noun that denotes a female.
3. Neutral Gender: A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male or female.
The Noun: Number
How Plurals are Formed
- The Plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –s to the singular. Eg. Girl-Girls, Book-Books etc.
- But Nouns ending in –s, -sh, -ch, -x from the plural by adding –es to the singular. Eg. Class-Classes, Dish-Dishes etc.
- Most Nouns ending in –o also form the plural by adding –es to the singular. Eg. Potato-Potatoes, Negro-Negroes etc.
- A few nouns ending in –o merely add –s. Solo-Solos, Ratio-Ratios etc.
- Nouns ending in –y, preceded by a consonant, form their plural by changing –y into –I and adding –es. Eg. Baby—Babies, Lady-Ladies etc.
- The following nouns ending in –f or –fe form their plural by changing –f or –fe into v and adding –es. Thief-Thieves, Wife-Wives etc.
Note: Compound Noun generally forms its plural by adding –s to the principal word:
A word used with a noun to describe the person, animal, place is called an adjective.
Kind of Adjective
- Adjective of Quality: Show the kind or quality of a person or thing.
- Adjective of Quantity: Show how much of a thing is meant.
- Adjective of Number: Show how many persons or thing are meant.
Adjectives of numbers are of three kinds:
(a) Definite Numeral Adjective: Which denotes an exact number.
(b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective: Which does not denote an exact number.
(c) Distributive Numeral Adjective: Which refers to each one of a number.
4. Demonstrative Adjective: Point out which person or thing is meant.
5. Interrogative Adjective: What, Which and Whose they are used with nouns to ask questions are called Interrogative Adjective.
6. Emphasizing Adjective: Sentences in which words “own” and “very” are used as emphasizing.
7. Exclamatory Adjective: Where the word ‘What’ is used as an Exclamatory Adjective.