Parts of Speech

Sentence: A group of words, which makes complete sense is called a Sentence.

Sentences are of four kinds:

  1. Those Which ask questions called Interrogative sentence.
  2. Those Which make statements called Declarative sentence.
  3. Those Which express commands, requests called Imperative sentence.
  4. Those Which express strong feelings called Exclamatory sentence.

What is Subject?

The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about called Subject of the sentence.

What is Predicate?

The part which tells something about the Subject called Predicate.

Parts of Speech 

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Adjective 
  4. Verb
  5. Adverb
  6. Preposition 
  7. Conjunction 
  8. Interjection 

Noun: A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing.

Pronoun: A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.

Adjective : A adjective is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun.

Verb: A verb is a word used to express an action or state.

Adverb : An adverb is a word used to add something to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Preposition : A preposition is a word used with a noun or a pronoun to show how the person or thing denoted by the noun or pronoun stands in relation to something else.

Conjunction : A Conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences. 

Interjection : An interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feeling.

Kind of Nouns

1. Countable nouns: Countable nouns are the names of objects, people, etc. that we can count.

e.g.: book, pen.

2. Uncountable nouns: Uncountable nouns are the names of things that we cannot count. 

e.g.: milk, oil.

3. Collective noun: A collective noun is the name of a number of persons of things taken together and spoken of as one whole.

4. Abstract Noun: An abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action, or state considered apart from the object to which it belongs.

5. Common noun: A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class of kind.

6. Proper noun: A proper noun is the same particular person or place.

The Noun : Gender

1. Masculine Gender: A noun that denotes a male.

2. Feminine Gender: A noun that denotes a female.

3. Neutral Gender: A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male or female.

e.g. 

MasculineFeminine
BoyGirl
BrotherSister
BullockHeifer
BuckDoe
HorseMare
King Queen
MonkNun
Wizard Witch

The Noun : Number

How Plurals are Formed

  1. The Plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –s to the singular. Eg. Girl-Girls, Book-Books etc. 
  2. But Nouns ending in –s, -sh, -ch, -x from the plural by adding –es to the singular. Eg. Class-Classes, Dish-Dishes etc.
  3. Most Nouns ending in –o also form the plural by adding –es to the singular. Eg. Potato-Potatoes, Negro-Negroes etc.
  4. A few nouns ending in –o merely add –s. Solo-Solos, Ratio-Ratios etc.
  5. Nouns ending in –y, preceded by a consonant, form their plural by changing –y into –I and adding –es. Eg. Baby—Babies, Lady-Ladies etc.
  6. The following nouns ending in –f or –fe form their plural by changing –f or –fe into v and adding –es. Thief-Thieves, Wife-Wives etc.

Note: Compound Noun generally forms its plural by adding –s to the principal word:

SingularPlural
Son-in-lawSons-in-law
StepdaughterStepdaughters

The Adjective

A word used with a noun to describe the person, animal, place is called an adjective.

Kind of Adjective

  1. Adjective of Quality: Show the kind or quality of a person or thing.
  2. Adjective of Quantity: Show how much of a thing is meant.
  3. Adjective of Number: Show how many persons or thing are meant.

Adjective of number are of three kinds:

(a) Definite Numeral Adjective: Which denote an exact number.

(b)Indefinite Numeral Adjective: Which do not denote an exact number.

(c)Distributive Numeral Adjective: Which refer to each one of a number.

4. Demonstrative Adjective: Point out which person or thing is meant.

5. Interrogative Adjective: What, Which and Whose they are used with nouns to ask questions are called Interrogative Adjective.

6. Emphasizing Adjective: Sentences in which word “own” and “very” are used as emphasizing.

7. Exclamatory Adjective: Where word ‘What’ is used as an Exclamatory Adjective.

Work to Do

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