NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium Nationalism In India

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium Nationalism In India

Write in brief :

Q1. Explain:

a) Why growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement.

Answer: Growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement Because Colonisation affected people’s freedom so the sense of exploitation became a common bond for people of the different groups in the country which resulted in the growth of nationalist ideals.

b) How the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.

Answer: The First World War created a new economic and the political situation which led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes so the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.

c) Why Indians were outraged by the Rowlatt Act.

Answer:  The act was passed through the Imperial Legislative Council on a report of the Sedition Committee, headed by Justice Rowlatt. Through this act, the Government gave vast powers to the police to search for a place and arrest any person without a warrant and hold the trail for two years. Mahatma Gandhi started non-cooperation against this law on 6th April

d) Why Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Answer: Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement because of the Chauri Chaura incident. The non-violence movement was converted into violence.

Q2. What is meant by the idea of satyagraha?

Answer: The idea of satyagraha emphasised the power of truth and the need to search for the truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then the physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor.

Q3. Write a newspaper report on:

a) The Jallianwala Bagh massacre

b) The Simon Commission

Answer :

a) The Jallianwala Bagh massacre: On 13th April in the Amritsar, where the celebrating the festival of Baisakhi. A crowd of villagers who had come to Amritsar to attend the Fair in the ground of The Jallianwala Bagh. Local leaders were picked up from Amritsar and Mahatma Gandhi was barred from entering Delhi. General Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. Among them, there were women, children and elderly people too, who were all mercilessly killed.

b) The Simon Commission:  British Government appointed the Simon Commission in 1927 to resolve the constitutional deadlock in India. Sir John Simon landed in India on Feb. 1928. It was boycotted by all parties because the seven members of it were all Britishers. All the parties groups and the people boycotted it. The commission met with.strong opposition wherever it went. The people greeted it with the slogan. “Simon go back’. In one such demonstration again Simon commission, at Lahore Lala Lajpat Rai received lathi blows on his head. He later died in 1928. The commission toured the country and submitted its report to the British Government. Their recommendation was “Dyarchy should be abolished and provincial autonomy should be introduced in the provinces.

Extra Questions : 

Q1. Why was Martial Law imposed in Amritsar?

Answer: Local leaders were picked up from Amritsar and Mahatma Gandhi was not allowed to enter Delhi. On 10th April, the police in Amritsar fired upon a peaceful procession, provoking widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations, so Martial Law was imposed.

Q2.  Why did people gather in Jallianwala Bagh on 13th April 1919?

Answer: A crowd of villagers had come to Amritsar to attend a fair, they also went to the enclosed ground of Jallianwala Bagh. Being from outside they were unaware of the martial law that was imposed and was killed by General Dyer.

Write in brief :

Q1. Explain:

a) Why growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement.

Answer: Growth of nationalism in the colonies is linked to an anti-colonial movement Because Colonisation affected people’s freedom so the sense of exploitation became a common bond for people of the different groups in the country which resulted in the growth of nationalist ideals.

b) How the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.

Answer: The First World War created a new economic and the political situation which led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes so the First World War helped in the growth of the National Movement in India.

c) Why Indians were outraged by the Rowlatt Act.

Answer:  The act was passed through the Imperial Legislative Council on a report of the Sedition Committee, headed by Justice Rowlatt. Through this act, the Government gave vast powers to the police to search for a place and arrest any person without a warrant and hold the trail for two years. Mahatma Gandhi started non-cooperation against this law on 6th April

d) Why Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Answer: Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement because of the Chauri Chaura incident. The non-violence movement was converted into violence.

Q2. What is meant by the idea of satyagraha?

Answer: The idea of satyagraha emphasised the power of truth and the need to search for the truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then the physical force was not necessary to fight the oppressor.

Q3. Write a newspaper report on:

a) The Jallianwala Bagh massacre

b) The Simon Commission

Answer :

a) The Jallianwala Bagh massacre: On 13th April in the Amritsar, where the celebrating the festival of Baisakhi. A crowd of villagers who had come to Amritsar to attend the Fair in the ground of The Jallianwala Bagh. Local leaders were picked up from Amritsar and Mahatma Gandhi was barred from entering Delhi. General Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. Among them, there were women, children and elderly people too, who were all mercilessly killed.

b) The Simon Commission:  British Government appointed the Simon Commission in 1927 to resolve the constitutional deadlock in India. Sir John Simon landed in India on Feb. 1928. It was boycotted by all parties because the seven members of it were all Britishers. All the parties groups and the people boycotted it. The commission met with.strong opposition wherever it went. The people greeted it with the slogan. “Simon go back’. In one such demonstration again Simon commission, at Lahore Lala Lajpat Rai received lathi blows on his head. He later died in 1928. The commission toured the country and submitted its report to the British Government. Their recommendation was “Dyarchy should be abolished and provincial autonomy should be introduced in the provinces.

Extra Questions : 

Q1. Why was Martial Law imposed in Amritsar?

Answer: Local leaders were picked up from Amritsar and Mahatma Gandhi was not allowed to enter Delhi. On 10th April, the police in Amritsar fired upon a peaceful procession, provoking widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations, so Martial Law was imposed.

Q2.  Why did people gather in Jallianwala Bagh on 13th April 1919?

Answer: A crowd of villagers had come to Amritsar to attend a fair, they also went to the enclosed ground of Jallianwala Bagh. Being from outside they were unaware of the martial law that was imposed and was killed by General Dyer.

Q3. Why did General Dyer fire on innocent people gathered peacefully in Jallianwala Bagh?

Answer: His object was, as he declared, was to ‘produce a moral effect’ and to create in the minds of Satyagrahis feeling of terror and awe.

Q4.  What did British do to rep

Q3. Why did General Dyer fire on innocent people gathered peacefully in Jallianwala Bagh?

Answer: His object was, as he declared, was to ‘produce a moral effect’ and to create in the minds of Satyagrahis feeling of terror and awe.

Q4.  What did British do to repress the Rowlatt Satyagrahis?

Answer: Satyagrahis were forced to rub their noses on the ground, crawl on the streets and do Salam to all Sahibs. People were flogged and villages were bombed.

Q5. Unfold the stages of Non-cooperation Movement.

Answer: Began with the surrender of titles that government awarded. Boycott of civil services, army, police, courts, legislative councils, schools and foreign goods.

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