NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium The Making Of A Global World

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium The Making Of A Global World Questions and Answers

Write in brief :

Q1. Give two examples of different types of global exchanges which took place before the seventeenth century, choosing one example from Asia and one from the Americas.

Answer :

Example from Asia:

The great Indian ocean which is named ofter india gave birth to the bustling trade with goods
and exchange of culture.

Example from America:

America was discovered by Columbus It was only then the Portuguese and Spanish
entered in America and suppressed the native people of America through their repressive measure.

Q2. Explain how the global transfer of disease in the pre-modern world helped in the colonisation of the Americas.

Answer : America was not conquered and colonised by Europeans with the help of superior fire power alone. Germs such as those of small pox helped. Americans had no immunity against them as a result of long isolation. Once introducted the germs spread deep to the continent decimating whole communities and paving way for conquest. The colonisation of Americas took place in the mid-16 century.

Q3. Write a note to explain the effects of the following

a) The British government’s decision to abolish the Corn Laws.

b) The coming of rinderpest to Africa.

c) The death of men of working-age in Europe because of the World War.

d) The Great Depression on the Indian economy.

e) The decision of MNCs to relocate production to Asian countries.

Answer :

(a) A number of people become jobless on many people left their jobs.

(b) Rinderpest arrived in Africa in the late 1880. Within 2 years , it spread into a bowl continent reaching capital town within 5 years.

(c) Reduction in the workforce : the most of the killed and injured where men of working age.

New social setups : the entire socialists where we organised for war as men went to battle women stepped in to undertake jobs that earlier only men wear expected to do.

(d) Indian export between 1928 to 1934 and the price of wheat fell down by 50%.

(e)  In Asian countries, raw material was available at much lower price and Most of these countries have budget of low cost for setting up Industries of MNCS. The workers in these countries take lower wages due to the problems of unemployment.

Q4. Give two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability.

Answer: Following are the two examples from history to show the impact of technology on food availability :

• Faster railways and large ship helped in transporting food quickly over a long distance.

• Refrigerated ship helped in the transport of perishable food more quickly.

Q5. What is meant by the Bretton Woods Agreement?

Answer : The international monetary system is the system linking national currencies and monetary systems. The Bretton Woods system was based on fixed exchange rates. In this system, the national currencies, for example the Indian rupee, were pegged to the dollar at a fixed exchange rate. The dollar itself was anchored to gold at a fixed price of $ 35 per ounce of gold.

Extra Questions :

Q1. What were ‘Corn Laws’?

Answer : When the British government restricted the import of corn, as the demand for agricultural products went up. pushing up food grain prices. Under the pressure of landowners, government forms laws called Corn Laws’, restricting import of corn.

Q2. Who forced the government of Britain to abolish corn laws?

Answer : Unhappy with high food prices, industrialists and urban dwellers forced the abolition of Corn Laws.

Q3. What was the effect of abolition of corn laws?

Answer : British agriculture was unable to compete with imports. Vast areas of land were now left uncultivated, and thousands of men and women were thrown
Qut of work. They flocked to the cities or migrated overseas.

Q4. What is Rinderpest?

Answer : Rinderpest was a fast spreading disease of cattle plague which had terrifying
impact on the livelihood of people and the local economy of Africa in 1890’s.

Q5. What was the main problem for Europeans to establish mines and plantation
in Africa?

Answer: Europeans were attracted to Africa due to its vast resources of land and minerals. But there was an unexpected problem of shortage of labour willing to work for wages.

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