Unseen Passage for Class 10 with Answers
UNSEEN PASSAGE – 1
As the New Year approached, like many others, I found myself making resolutions in my mind. The usual suspects made their appearance: waking up earlier, eating healthier, spending more time with loved ones, tackling household chores, being kinder to those I don’t particularly like, driving cautiously, and taking the dog for a daily walk. But this time, I was determined to make my resolutions unique and achievable, learning from past failures.
I realized that one of the reasons why most of us fail in our efforts to self-improve is because our goals are often too ambitious, and we struggle to find time to follow through with them. So, I decided to keep my resolutions to myself, limiting them to just two modest ambitions: exercising every morning and reading more every evening.
The first resolution was to exercise for just eleven minutes every morning before anyone else in my household was awake. The challenge was real, as dragging myself out of bed eleven minutes earlier than usual required significant self-discipline. But for the first two days, I managed to sneak down to the living room and jump around on the carpet without being caught. However, my cover was blown when my exhausted state after the exercise gave me away at the breakfast table. Soon, my family caught on, and my morning exercise routine became a subject of amusement for them. Despite their teasing, I tried to stick to it, but gradually, my enthusiasm waned, and I found myself back to square one by January 10th, giving up on the morning exercise routine.
Undeterred by my failure in the first resolution, I focused on my second resolution to read more every evening. I resisted the allure of television and spent a few evenings with my eyes glued to a book in my room. However, one cold and lonely night, I succumbed to the temptation of television and pretended to read while dozing off in front of the screen. It became a habit again, and I realized I had fallen back into my old ways.
Despite these setbacks, I refused to give up on my resolution to read more. In fact, I took a bold step and bought a book titled ‘How To Read A Thousand Words A Minute’. However, the irony was not lost on me that I hadn’t found the time to read it yet, showcasing the challenges I faced in keeping up with my resolutions.
Read the passage – 1 and answer the following question :-
Q1. What were the usual suspects in the author’s list of New Year resolutions?
a) Waking up earlier, eating healthier, spending more time with loved ones
b) Tackling household chores, being kinder to those not liked, driving cautiously
c) Taking the dog for a daily walk
d) All of the above
Q2. Why did the author decide to keep their resolutions to themselves this time?
a) Because they didn’t want to be teased by their family
b) Because they realized that announcing resolutions to others can lead to feeling foolish if they fail
c) Because they wanted to surprise their family with their achievements
d) Because they wanted to keep their resolutions a secret
Q3. What was the author’s first resolution for the New Year?
a) Exercising every morning for eleven minutes
b) Reading more every evening
c) Eating healthier
d) Spending more time with loved ones
Q4. Why did the author’s family find their morning exercise routine amusing?
a) Because the author was not able to exercise properly
b) Because the author looked exhausted after exercising
c) Because the author tried to hide their exercise routine from the family
d) Because the author gave up on the routine after two days
Q5. What happened to the author’s morning exercise routine after January 10th?
a) The author successfully completed the routine every day
b) The author gave up on the routine
c) The author reduced the time for exercise
d) The author increased the time for exercise
Q6. What did the author do to resist the temptation of television and read more every evening?
a) Sat in their room with their eyes glued to a book
b) Watched television while pretending to read
c) Ignored television and went for a walk
d) Read during commercial breaks on television
Q7. What did the author do one night when feeling cold and lonely?
a) Continued reading in their room
b) Went for a walk
c) Watched television and pretended to read
d) Called a friend for company
Q8. What did the author buy to help them with their resolution to read more?
a) A book titled ‘How To Read A Thousand Words A Minute’
b) A new television
c) A subscription to a book club
d) A reading lamp
Q9. Why did the author find it ironic that they bought a book but hadn’t read it yet?
a) Because they didn’t have time to read it
b) Because the book was too difficult to understand
c) Because they lost interest in reading
d) Because they forgot they had bought the book
Q10. What was the author’s approach to making resolutions this year?
a) Setting ambitious goals
b) Keeping resolutions a secret
c) Not making any resolutions
d) Making unique and achievable resolutions
Q11. Why did the author fail to keep up with their morning exercise routine?
a) Lack of motivation
b) Teasing from family
c) Exhaustion after exercising
d) All of the above
Q12. What is one of the reasons why most of us fail in our efforts to self-improve?
A) Lack of motivation
B) Setting unrealistic goals
D) Lack of resources
Answers Passage – 1
Answer: 1 d) All of the above.
Answer: 2 b) Because they realized that announcing resolutions to others can lead to feeling foolish if they fail.
Answer: 3 a) Exercising every morning for eleven minutes.
Answer: 4 b) Because the author looked exhausted after exercising.
Answer: 5 b) The author gave up on the routine.
Answer: 6 a) Sat in their room with their eyes glued to a book.
Answer: 7 c) Watched television and pretended to read.
Answer: 8 a) A book titled ‘How To Read A Thousand Words A Minute’.
Answer: 9 a) Because they didn’t have time to read it.
Answer: 10 d) Making unique and achievable resolutions.
Answer: 11 d) All of the above.
Answer: 12 B) Setting unrealistic goals.
UNSEEN PASSAGE – 2
In the bustling buses of Delhi, a unique social dynamic emerges as passengers rely on each other for bodily comfort during the chaotic commutes. Northern Indians, known for their difficulty in keeping steady in moving vehicles, often lean against each other or even put their arms around fellow passengers to maintain balance. It is a common sight to see strangers intertwined, using each other as cushions without any ill-natured objections. The concept of personal space takes a backseat as the need for stability takes precedence in these crowded buses.
However, this physical closeness is not limited to mere support. The buses are also filled with lively conversations, ranging from public topics to embarrassingly private ones. Strangers freely engage in discussions, breaking social barriers, and sharing personal anecdotes. It is not uncommon for jokes to be exchanged, even between acquaintances and total strangers alike. One incident involved a fellow-passenger noticing the weight of the narrator’s large topee (hat), remarking that it was heavier than their entire body. When the narrator responded in kind, the stranger playfully hoped that offense was not taken at the joke, highlighting the light-hearted banter that often occurs in these close quarters.
The bus rides also present an opportunity for strangers to inquire about each other’s well-being. The narrator recalls a time when they experienced an irritation at the back of their neck, causing them to jerk and perk their head like a bird. A curious fellow-passenger, inquiring in English, asked if it was a habit or a disease. The narrator, initially taken aback by the question, sought clarification, leading to a comical exchange as the stranger mimicked their movements. The conversation ended with the stranger concluding that it must be a habit, as habits tend to become second nature.
Despite the lack of personal space and the intimate interactions with strangers, the unwritten social norms of the Delhi buses are accepted with ease. In a city known for its chaotic traffic and overcrowded public transportation, passengers adapt to the circumstances and make the most of their journeys. The buses become a melting pot of diverse individuals, transcending social, cultural, and economic boundaries. It is a unique experience where the common goal of reaching their respective destinations overrides any notions of personal space or privacy.
Furthermore, these interactions in the buses of Delhi reflect the warmth and camaraderie that is inherent in Indian culture. Indians are known for their friendliness, hospitality, and a sense of community, and these qualities are reflected even in the chaos of daily bus rides. It is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of the people, who find solace and connection in unexpected places, even amidst the chaos of a crowded bus.
Read the passage and answer the following question :-
Q1. What social dynamic emerges among passengers in the bustling buses of Delhi?
A. Strangers avoid each other to maintain personal space
B. Passengers keep to themselves and do not interact with others
C. Passengers rely on each other for bodily comfort and support
D. Passengers compete for limited seating space
Q2. What is a common sight in the buses of Delhi when it comes to passengers’ physical closeness?
A. Passengers maintain personal space and avoid physical contact
B. Passengers hug each other tightly for stability
C. Passengers hold hands to maintain balance
D. Passengers lean against each other or even put their arms around each other
Q3. What is the concept of personal space like in the buses of Delhi?
A. It is highly valued and maintained at all costs
B. It is nonexistent due to the crowded nature of the buses
C. It is respected by all passengers
D. It is a topic of constant debate and disagreement among passengers
Q4. What kind of conversations can be heard among passengers in the buses of Delhi?
A. Only public topics are discussed
B. Only private and personal topics are discussed
C. Both public and private topics are discussed
D. No conversations take place due to the crowded nature of the buses
Q5. How do strangers interact with each other in the buses of Delhi?
A. They avoid each other and do not engage in any interactions
B. They exchange jokes and engage in light-hearted banter
C. They keep to themselves and do not initiate any conversations
D. They only discuss serious topics and avoid light-hearted conversations
Q6. What do strangers in the buses of Delhi often inquire about each other?
A. Each other’s names and professions
B. Each other’s well-being and health
C. Each other’s personal and private information
D. Each other’s travel plans and destinations
Q7. How do passengers in the buses of Delhi adapt to the lack of personal space?
A. They become uncomfortable and avoid all interactions
B. They complain and express their discomfort
C. They accept the situation and make the most of their journeys
D. They demand for more personal space from the authorities
Q8. What do the interactions in the buses of Delhi reflect about Indian culture?
A. Indians value personal space above all else
B. Indians do not engage in conversations with strangers
C. Indians are known for their friendliness, hospitality, and sense of community
D. Indians avoid crowded places and prefer solitude
Q9. What is the atmosphere like in the buses of Delhi despite the lack of personal space?
A. Tense and uncomfortable
B. Silent and somber
C. Lively and engaging
D. Chaotic and aggressive
Q10. What does the author describe the buses of Delhi as?
A. Melting pots of diverse individuals
B. Places of constant conflict and chaos
C. Hubs of privacy and personal space
D. Empty and uninteresting
Q11. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a unique social experience offered by buses in Delhi?
A) Passengers relying on each other for bodily comfort
B) Engaging in lively conversations
C) Sharing personal anecdotes
D) Riding in air-conditioned buses
Q12. What can be inferred from the statement “buses of Delhi offer a unique social experience”?
A) Delhi buses are known for their comfortable seats
B) Passengers in Delhi buses tend to interact and share stories
C) Delhi buses are known for their punctuality
D) Passengers in Delhi buses are often silent and reserved
Answers Passage – 2
Answer: 1 C) Passengers rely on each other for bodily comfort and support.
Answer: 2 D) Passengers lean against each other or even put their arms around each other.
Answer: 3 B) It is nonexistent due to the crowded nature of the buses.
Answer: 4 C) Both public and private topics are discussed.
Answer: 5 B) They exchange jokes and engage in light-hearted banter.
Answer: 6 C) Each other’s well-being and health.
Answer: 7 C) They accept the situation. and make the most of their journeys.
Answer: 8 C) Indians are known for their friendliness, hospitality, and sense of community.
Answer: 9 C) Lively and engaging.
Answer: 10 A) Melting pots of diverse individuals.
Answer: 11 D) Riding in air-conditioned buses.
Answer: 12 B) Passengers in Delhi buses tend to interact and share stories.
UNSEEN PASSAGE – 3
Credit cards have become an integral part of modern living, with many considering them a necessity rather than a luxury. The convenience they offer is undeniable – no more worries about carrying enough cash when shopping or dining out. Just a quick swipe, sign, and you’re good to go. However, there are varying opinions on the responsible use of credit cards.
Critics argue that credit cards promote the “easy money” syndrome, leading to debt traps for many users. It is true that excessive use of credit cards without proper budgeting and financial discipline can result in mounting debts and high-interest charges. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the concept of responsible usage and the significance of living on credit.
One important point to remember is that using a credit card does not mean “free” credit. It simply means deferring the payment to a later date, and interest is charged on the revolving balance from one billing cycle to the next. While it may seem convenient to pay only the minimum amount due, it can result in substantial interest charges over time, leading to a never-ending cycle of debt if not managed wisely.
To avoid falling into the debt trap, it is advisable to always pay your credit card bill in full and on time. This not only helps you manage your expenses effectively but also saves you from paying exorbitant interest charges, which can range from 2 percent to 3 percent per month.
With the plethora of credit cards available in the market, choosing the right one can be overwhelming. Factors to consider include acceptability, eligibility criteria, fees, credit period, cash advance options, and other charges. It is essential to thoroughly compare and evaluate different credit card offers based on your needs, spending habits, and financial capabilities before making a decision.
Read the passage and answer the following question :-
Q1. What does it mean to defer payment when using a credit card?
A. Paying the minimum amount due
B. Paying the bill in full and on time
C. Paying the bill after the due date
D. Paying the bill in installments with interest charges
Q2. Why is it advisable to pay your credit card bill in full and on time?
A. To avoid carrying cash when shopping
B. To save on interest charges
C. To defer payment to a later date
D. To qualify for cash advance options
Q3. What should you consider when choosing a credit card?
A. Acceptability and eligibility criteria
B. Fees and credit period
C. Cash advance options and other charges
D. All of the above
Q4. What is the significance of understanding the terms and conditions of a credit card?
A. To defer payment to a later date
B. To avoid paying interest charges
C. To qualify for cash advance options
D. To manage expenses effectively
Q5. What can happen if credit cards are not managed responsibly?
A. They can result in substantial interest charges.
B. They can promote responsible spending habits.
C. They can lead to a never-ending cycle of debt.
D. They can be accepted at most places.
Q6. What is the range of interest charges that can be incurred on credit cards per month?
A. 0 percent to 1 percent
B. 1 percent to 2 percent
C. 2 percent to 3 percent
D. 3 percent to 4 percent
Q7. What is the most common perception of credit cards among people?
A) A luxury
B) A necessity
C) A burden
D) A risk
Q8. What is the main purpose of credit cards in today’s world?
A. To promote responsible spending habits
B. To offer free credit with no interest charges
C. To provide convenience and flexibility in managing finances
D. To burden users with debts and high-interest charges
Q9. What is one crucial step towards utilizing credit cards as a useful financial tool?
A. Paying the bill after the due date
B. Choosing a credit card with high fees
C. Paying only the minimum amount due
D. Choosing the right credit card based on needs and financial capabilities
Q10. What is the main message of the passage?
A. Credit cards are a luxury burdened with debt.
B. Credit cards promote responsible spending habits.
C. Credit cards offer free credit with no interest charges.
D. Responsible usage of credit cards is important to avoid debt traps.
Q11. What can result from excessive use of credit cards without proper budgeting and financial discipline?
A. Mounting debts and high-interest charges
B. Convenience and flexibility in managing finances
C. Qualification for cash advance options
D. Minimal interest charges over time
Q12. What is the primary benefit of using credit cards?
A) Ready convenience
B) Higher credit score
C) Increased debt
D) Risk-free transactions
Q13. What is one criticism of credit cards mentioned in the passage?
A. They promote responsible spending habits.
B. They offer free credit with no interest charges.
C. They can lead to mounting debts and high-interest charges.
D. They are not accepted at most places.
Answers Passage – 3
Answer: 1 D) Paying the bill in installments with interest charges.
Answer: 2 B) To save on interest charges.
Answer: 3 D) All of the above.
Answer: 4 B) To avoid paying interest charges.
Answer: 5 C) They can lead to a never-ending cycle of debt.
Answer: 6 C) 2 percent to 3 percent.
Answer: 7 B) A necessity.
Answer: 8 C) To provide convenience and flexibility in managing finances.
Answer: 9 D) Choosing the right credit card based on needs and financial capabilities.
Answer: 10 D) Responsible usage of credit cards is important to avoid debt traps.
Answer: 11 A) Mounting debts and high-interest charges.
Answer: 12 A) Ready convenience.
Answer: 13 C) They can lead to mounting debts and high-interest charges.
UNSEEN PASSAGE – 4
Necessity, they say, is the mother of invention. And Indian doctors have been quite creative when hamstrung by few or no tools to perform specific surgeries. They simply design it themselves at one-fourth the price they are sold abroad. In fact, some of their innovations are priced at as much as hundreds of dollars abroad.
Take 47-year-old Dr Burjor P Banaji, pioneer of Lasik surgery in India. He’s invented over a dozen surgical instruments. When this senior eye surgeon at Max Eye Care started Lasik, there were few surgeons doing it worldwide and no specific instruments were available either. “As I want things super-perfect, I designed a whole slew of instruments that made my surgery more efficient,” says Banaji. The most popular instruments are Banaji Lasik Shield and Banaji Lasik Spatula and Canulae. “It was simple. I had the designs in my head. Putting them down on paper was the simplest thing,” he says. Instruments manufacturers and large multinationals in the US snapped them up. “They would send me computer generated drawings which I would correct and send back. Their level of execution was astounding. Within two weeks of the designs being finalised, the instruments were in the world market.”
His instruments are priced at hundreds of dollars each in the US, and are also sold in Switzerland, South America, Korea, Eastern Europe, Africa and Japan. They’re available in India at a fraction of the price.
Write the option that you consider the most appropriate in your answer sheet.
1. Why have some Indian doctors created their own surgical tools?
(i) they have no tools to perform specific surgeries
(ii) they have a hamstring problem
(iii) the tools they get from abroad cost four times as much
(iv) they can sell these tools at a very high price.
Ans: (iii) the tools they get from abroad cost four times as much
2. What has Dr Burjor P Banaji created?
(i) Lasik surgery
(ii) Max Eye Care Centre
(iii) two surgical instruments called Banaji Lasik Shield and Banaji Lasik Spatula and Canulae
(iv) more than a dozen instruments for operating on the eye.
Ans: (iv) more than a dozen instruments for operating on the eye.
3. Where does Dr Banaji get the instruments manufactured?
(ii) the United States of America
Ans: (i) India
4. The term hamstrung refers to ……………
Ans: (iii) harmed
5. What does the phrase slew of instruments refer to?
(i) a wide range of instruments
(ii) instruments used for slaying
(iii) tools of a similar nature
(iv) surgical instruments
Ans: (i) a wide range of instruments