NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium The Age Of Industrialisation

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History in English Medium The Age Of Industrialisation

Write in brief :

Q1. Explain the following:

a) Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny.

b) In the seventeenth century merchants from towns in Europe began employing
peasants and artisans within the villages.

c) The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century.

d) The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India.

Answer :

(a) Because the women  were depended on hand spinning so they fill peril from the new machine.

(b)  Because the demand for goods the expansion of world trade was increased. The colonies was also responsible for the increase in demand and the town producers failed to produce the required quantity.

(c) Because the European companies gradually gained power in trade with The India and they secured many concessions from local courts as well as the monopoly rights to trade.

(d) Because the eliminate the existence of traders and brokers and establish a direct control over the weavers and the ensure regular supply of fine silk and cotton textiles.

Q2. Write True or False against each statement.

a) At the end of the nineteenth century, 80 per cent of the total workforce in Europe was employed in the technologically advanced industrial sector.

b) The international market for fine textiles was dominated by India till the eighteenth century.

c) The American Civil War resulted in the reduction of cotton exports from India.

d) The introduction of the fly shuttle enabled handloom workers to improve their
productivity

Answer :

(a) False

(b) True

(c) False

(d) True

Q3. Explain what is meant by proto-industrialisation.

Answer: Even before factories began to dot the landscape in England and Europe, there was large-scale industrial production for an international market, which was not based on factories. This phase of industrialisation is called proto industrialisation.

Extra Questions :

Q1. What were trade guilds’?

Answer: These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices and restricted the entry of new people into the trade.

Q2. Why did merchants turn to countryside?

Answer: Rulers granted different guilds the monopoly rights to produce and trade in specific products. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So, they turned to the countryside.

Q3. Who is a ‘Stapler and a fuller’?

Answer: (i) A person who staples or sorts wool according to its fibre is called a stapler

(ii) A person who feels: That is gathered cloth by pleating is called a fuller

Q4. How did income from proto-industrial production supplement the shrinking income of small farmers?

Answer: Many farmers had tiny plots which could not provide work for all members of the household. So, merchants offered advances to produce goods for them. Peasants agreed as by working for the merchants, they could remain in the countryside and continue to cultivate their small plots t0o.

Q5. Who created the cotton mill?

Answer: Richard Arkwright created the cotton mill. So, now the costly new machines could be purchased, set up and maintained in the mill.

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